Doctor of Laws (“LL.D.”), 1993:  National Autonomous University of Nicaragua, Leon.

Certificate, 1993: Management Institute for Colleges, Universities & Schools.
Institutional Management

Certificate, 1981: California State University, Fullerton, CA.
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Juris Doctor (“J.D.”), 1975:  Western State University College of Law, Fullerton, CA.

1970-71: Stetson University College of Law, Gulfport, FL.
Mediation Certification Program: The Institute for Conflict Management, Society of St. Vincent de Paul, Santa Ana, CA.
Completed comprehensive mediation training program

Bachelor of Arts (“B.A.”), 1970: Fairleigh Dickinson University, Sammartino College of Education, Rutherford, NJ.
Major in Secondary Education/Social Studies; History minor

1962-67: Rutgers University, Newark, NJ.
Major in History

1964: Indiana Institute of Technology, Ft. Wayne, IN.
Major in Civil Engineering

1962-64: American Institute of Banking (of the American Bankers Assoc.)